Zirconium is a metal in group d of the periodic table, which appears white under normal conditions. Zircon (ZrSiO4) is the main mineral from which zirconium is obtained; USA, Australia, Russia, Brazil, India are the countries with these mineral deposits. Zirconium has been used in the medical sector for about 60 years. Zirconium, which is primarily used in hip prostheses in the orthopedics branch, has started to be used in the dental sector over time.
Zirconium, which is an aesthetic, robust, biologically compatible and reliable material, is used in dentistry as a coating material (crown, bridge), implant, post or pivo. Zirconium is used as a dental crown material with two methods. The first one is layered technique and the other one is monolithic zirconium applications.
What is Layering Technique? What is Monolithic Zirconium?
When zirconium is used as a substructure material and a porcelain layer is applied on top of it, this method is called layering technique or layered technique. The method consisting only of zirconium and without a porcelain layer is called monolithic zirconium. In monolithic zirconium, the tooth consists entirely of zirconium elements.
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– Light transmittance is the main factor that determines the aesthetic perception of teeth. The higher the light transmittance, the more aesthetic the veneer tooth is. In teeth with a classical metal substructure, the substructure material is silver in color. The substructure is covered with various opaque materials to hide the silver color and connect the porcelain to the metal substructure. For this reason, the aesthetic appearance is weaker. In zirconium teeth, on the other hand, there is no opaque coating, and since zirconium itself is a white and translucent material, its light transmittance is high.
– Another advantage of zirconium teeth is that they are more biologically compatible and anti-allergic. Zirconium teeth are recommended for people with allergic constitution.
– In porcelains with classical metal substructure, black color formation can be observed in the gingival area over time or silver reflection caused by metal can be observed. In zirconium teeth, blackening of the gingiva does not occur and silver reflection does not occur in the gingival area.
– Zirconium substructures are lighter than conventional metal substructures.
Zirconium teeth are compatible with the gums for reasons such as being antiallergic, being thin at the gingival level, not having the disadvantage of metal color reflection, and not causing bruising on the gums. In addition, zirconium teeth do not create an aesthetically negative appearance in a situation such as gingival recession that may occur later.
Metal-supported crowns are not recommended for allergic individuals. Since zirconium teeth do not contain elements such as chromium, cobalt, beryllium, nickel, they are biologically compatible and are almost impossible to cause allergies.
If the person who will have zirconium application has not had a preparation, that is, tooth cutting, in his teeth before, the teeth must be cut. It is necessary to cut between 0.5 mm and 1.5 mm from the teeth on average.
For people who want to replace their existing veneers with zirconium veneers, the old veneers are first removed. The existing preparation is reviewed, if there is a need, the cuts are corrected, if the existing cut is sufficient, the teeth are cleaned and the impression stage is started.
After tooth cutting (preparation), impressions are taken from the teeth. The impression can be taken with classical methods or digitally. The process is completed with rehearsal and fitting of the teeth in the following sessions.
During the preparation (cutting) session of zirconium veneers, the procedure is performed under local anesthesia. Since the procedure is performed under anesthesia, no pain is felt. Temporary teeth are worn until the treatment is finished. Sensitivity control, hot and cold permeability are prevented with temporary teeth. In general, the process is completed without any problems.
When choosing the color of zirconium teeth, if there will be a total change, the patient and the physician are free to choose the desired color. If a tooth is made in a certain area, the color selection must be made in harmony with the color of the natural teeth, otherwise an aesthetic appearance cannot be achieved. The forms of the teeth can be selected from sample cases and photographs in the first session, and if our patient has the desired form, new teeth can be prepared under the guidance of samples. The zirconiums prepared in the rehearsal sessions are tested, and if the whole process is going in line with the wishes of the patient and the physician, the finishing phase is started. The patient is free to change his/her mind, form, color and structure during the rehearsal phase. All medically appropriate changes can be made before the finishing session.
Zirconium teeth are attached between 2-6 days on average. The patient’s medical requirements, individual requests, the physician’s appointment availability, the number of teeth to be made, the duration of stay in the country for our dental tourism patients affect the treatment process.
Zirconium crowns should be brushed like normal toothbrushes, the care is the same as the care of normal teeth. If a zirconium bridge is applied, it is necessary to use a superfloss or interface brush under the body.
Zirconium teeth do not create a bad taste in the mouth and do not cause bad odor in the mouth.
The color of zirconium teeth does not change over time and remains the same as the day it was first made.
Zirconium, which has a bright, smooth and polished structure, is highly resistant to discoloration and staining. If the patient brushes his teeth regularly, factors such as tea, coffee and cigarettes do not cause discoloration in zirconium.
The color of zirconium veneers cannot be changed afterwards, it remains as it was the first day it was made. Zirconium veneers cannot be bleached.
Zirconium veneers are long-lasting, the lifespan of zirconium is directly proportional to the oral care of the patients and the health status of the support teeth. Although it varies from person to person, this period varies approximately between 7 and 15 years.
Our professional association, the Turkish Dental Association, determines the average prices of dental treatments with the guide tariff published every year. You can visit www.tdb.org.tr for the guide tariff. Please contact us to find out the prices of our clinic for your treatment needs.
Zirconium teeth are more expensive than metal-supported teeth.
No veneer or prosthesis procedure can be performed on a person with active gum disease. First of all, gingival treatment should be performed. Zirconium veneers can be made for people whose gum treatment is under control. Zirconium teeth can be made for people who have had gum problems but are currently under control.
Patients are satisfied with the treatments accompanied by a correct diagnosis and a good examination. Satisfaction is at a high level when the needs of the patient are determined by physicians and treatment is made according to the needs.
If zirconium veneers are removed by cutting, it does not damage your own tooth underneath. If zirconium veneers are tried to be removed by hitting directly without cutting at all, there is a possibility of breaking your own tooth in the veneer. As Dentistinan family, it is our priority to cut the existing prostheses instead of removing them by hitting them in veneer changes. In addition, zirconium teeth are easier to remove than metal-supported teeth.
People who need bridge treatment, who need a single tooth crown, may prefer zirconium crowns. People who want an aesthetic appearance as a coating material on the implant, who have excessive decay, defects, destruction, excessive wear on their teeth can have zirconium coatings.
People who do not want to undergo orthodontic treatment, who want the crowding to be solved as soon as possible, who do not want to have an implant in tooth loss or who cannot achieve the appearance they dream of with whitening treatment can have zirconium veneers.
After root canal treatment, zirconium teeth can be made to prevent the treated tooth from breaking, to increase the aesthetic appearance, and to close the gaps between the teeth.
Treatment in dentistry is individualized. Please contact us so that our specialist dentists can decide which treatment you need and what treatment is suitable for you.
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