Gingival and Periodontal Diseases

In this article we will talk about gingival and periodontal diseases. Oral and dental health is one of the most important things for people. And there are many details that are very important in this regard. In this article, we provide very important information about gingival and periodontal diseases, which is a very important point when it comes to oral and dental health.


This is a very important issue. For this reason, there are many things to know. We will tell you all about the causes of gingival disorders and what to do to prevent gingival disorders. In addition, the treatment process is very important in gingival diseases. If you are ready, let us start the article and tell you everything you need to do. So, you know everything you need to do.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Gingival and periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases affecting the gums and other tissues. Although these diseases are not given much importance by people, periodontal diseases are one of the biggest reasons why people lose their teeth. If these diseases are diagnosed early, they do not cause permanent damage. Success-guaranteed results are certain in the early period.

Prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases are important in many ways. People need to be sensitive about the treatment of these diseases to protect their natural teeth. In addition, it is necessary to be sensitive to these ailments to perform simple actions such as chewing.

Periodontal diseases begin with gingivitis because of infection. In conclusion, gingivitis is the early stage of periodontal disease. During this period, the gums are bleeding, red and enlarged in volume. Since it does not cause much discomfort in the early period, people do not act sensitively enough about this disorder. But this is the best phase for treatment. If not treated at this stage, the disease progresses to the bone, and you may lose your teeth permanently.

Causes of Gingival and Periodontal Diseases

The most important cause of gingival and periodontal diseases is “bacterial dental plaque”. This layer is the sticky and colorless layer that accumulates on the teeth. While brushing your teeth regularly every day is not enough to prevent dental plaque, it is one of the basic requirements. Other things to do besides brushing teeth are flossing. Brushing and flossing are very preventative if done together and regularly.


But on the contrary, if the plaque is not removed from the teeth effectively, dental plaque known as calculus or tartar forms. Bacteria in plaque also cause irritation to the teeth. Due to these bacteria, the fibers that bind the gingiva tightly to the tooth begin to wear down over time. The gingiva gradually begins to shrink, and the root of the tooth is damaged. The disease progresses to the bone over time and caries begins to form in the alveolar bone that supports the tooth. This stage is the most painful stage. After this stage, root canal treatment can break the tooth if the doctor goes to the doctor before the root is completely damaged. However, if the root of the tooth is completely damaged, the tooth is permanently lost.

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Warning Signs of Gingival and Periodontal Diseases

Gingival and periodontal diseases have many symptoms. For example, if your gums bleed while brushing, this is an important finding. This is an important finding, even if you feel tenderness in your gums while drinking cold or hot beverages. In addition to all these, redness of your gums is among the symptoms of this diseases. Gingival recession is also a sign for you to take precautions in this regard.


Another symptom is inflammatory discharge. This inflammatory discharge also causes bad breath. And it is quite disturbing. In some cases, gingival and periodontal diseases can reach advanced stages without any symptoms. This is an indication that it is beneficial to go to the dentist regularly and have them checked.

Risk Factors of Gingival and Periodontal Diseases

Let us talk about the risk factors of gingival and periodontal diseases. The biggest risk factor for such diseases is the behavior and habits of the person. If you do not have habits such as flossing besides brushing your teeth, you invite these diseases. But if you continue your oral and dental care on a regular basis, these diseases will be far away from you.


At the same time, your gums may be more prone to these diseases due to some genetic factors. In these cases, it will be in your best interest to go to a regular dental check-up. If you do not have such a genetic predisposition, you should prevent the formation of clear plaques on your teeth. This can be prevented by regularly brushing and flossing your teeth.

What is the Difference Between Gingivitis and Periodontitis?

Gingivitis and periodontitis are types of periodontal diseases. However, gingivitis is a reversible disease. But unfortunately, periodontitis is not reversible. Periodontitis causes permanent bone loss.

Prevention and Treatment Process

Now, let us talk about the treatment of gingival and periodontal diseases. As we told you in the previous title, unfortunately, periodontitis is not a reversible disease. In this disease, dental pulp is inevitable. But gingivitis can be treated.

Antibiotic therapy is the most used method in the treatment of this. After antibiotic treatment, the decayed parts of the teeth are removed after the inflammation dries. Filling is done instead. If the disease has reached the root of the tooth, root canal treatment is applied.


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